Posted by Mahagun India on June 13, 2015
Indian architecture, which has evolved through centuries, was earlier the result of socio-economic and geographical conditions. As a result of vast diversities, a vast range of architectural structures evolved, retaining a certain amount of continuity across history. The beginnings of Indian architecture can be traced back to the advent of Buddhism, a period where large number of magnificent buildings came up followed by the Indus valley civilization that focused on extensive town planning. With the establishment of Hindu kingdoms the South Indian School of architecture began to flourish. However Indo Islamic architecture took over: soon followed by the transformation into imperial style and mughal architecture during the medieval period. Colonization of India then finally lead to a new style of architecture which combined the features of hindu, islamic and western elements and exhibited itself through institutional, civic and utilitarian residential buildings.
Architectural trends today have progressed with time and have assimilated the many influences that came as a result of India’s global discourse with other regions of the world. The economic reforms have further bolstered the urban architecture of India as the country became more integrated with the world’s economy. The lifestyle aspirations of the upper crest have redefined housing and architectural trends in India. What was indulged as luxury in the past years is gradually turning into a necessity. The Indian expanse of property and real estate is buzzing with excitement with developers collaborating with global brands to create superior structures driven by technological and engineering developments with an emphasis on aesthetics and reinvigoration. Conventional and dull structures are making way for edifices of resplendence and innovativeness. The new advent of construction has begun to focus on practical elements like environmental care, energy conservation and improved resource management. Dynamic structures gracing the skyline today are characterized mostly with glass facades, unique modular designs, bespoke materials, impeccable finishes and spectacular landscaping thereby exhibiting professional excellence.
A host of trends that are making its mark towards exclusive offerings include:
Modern Design / Architectural Movements: Sleek, elegant and awe inspiring define the contemporary or modern structures of today which are a complete departure from traditional architecture. Incorporation of different styles of architecture like art deco, roman, or neo- classical makes the structures fashionably notable and historically identifiable. Arches and domes of roman architecture, dramatic use of columns in neo classical architecture and geometric shapes and applied decoration of art deco style of architecture are transforming the look of high rise towers and bringing about a refreshing change.
With the instigation of theme based villas or boutique homes; the focus is more on quality and visual impact rather than just volume. A fad catching up , these homes are inspired from spanish, moroccon, mexican or greek societies and are customized and built exclusively for people with high aspirations. Theme based residential homes help in creating differentiation and brings out the exclusivity for giving it an edge.
Glass: Glass is the most miraculous means of restoring the law of sun. The increasing use of glass characterizes the appearance of facades and also contributes to the energy efficiency of buildings. A mere exhibition of professional excellence, it provides a panoramic view from large windows and adds to the grandeur. It is difficult to conceive contemporary architecture without glass. Regardless of it being used for windows, façade or interior partitions, glass connects the space, improves the quality of space, transmits sufficient light, and a few contemporary types of glass may contribute to energy saving. It has become an integral part of many facades nowadays. Moreover, to avoid the undesirable heat build-up in interiors, a wide variety of solar protection systems are installed in glass architecture. They are an essential component for the productive interplay between efficient thermal protection, maximum use of daylight and reliable ventilation of interiors.
Technology Advancement: Technological innovations are making far reaching changes in the construction fields. MIVAN technology or Aluminum formwork system has replaced conventional technology in today’s construction and housing segment. This extremely progressive technology is a revolutionary innovation that gives structural stability to high rise buildings in case of lateral movements, seismic and wind forces. It reduces the time of construction and labor and doubles the life of a building. Significantly, it puts an end to the problems of construction irregularities and asymmetrical aesthetics which plague even the best of projects. The finished units are flawlessly balanced and streamlined, providing a finished and sophisticated look and feel. Moreover, it involves extremely efficient, light-weight and flexible materials and cuts down on the need for messy brickwork, concrete leakage and the use of conventional, polluting construction equipment. It is therefore one of the most environmentally friendly construction techniques in the current scenario.
Green and Sustainable Housing: Green building has become the “something new” that has not been done before. Developers are trying hard to leverage their green building credentials for branding purposes and tapping into the new niche market. Green buildings represent one of the most significant and exciting opportunities for sustainable growth on both a national and global scale. The appearance of a green building is similar to any other building. However, the difference is in the intention which revolves round a concern for extending the life span of natural resources; provide human comfort, safety and productivity. This approach results in a reduction of operating costs like energy and water, besides several other intangible benefits. With the advent of green buildings, developers have begun using green principles like energy conservation, water harvesting and waste management in their designs. They now tend to understand the concept of sustainability in construction and its importance. They emphasize the use of eco friendly building materials like fly-ash & silica fume cement and blocks, steel and tiles, recycled aluminium, bamboo based products, green roofing products and so on. On the technology front too, there are a lot of options available to build green homes, energy saving air conditioners (HVACs), high performance glass windows, water saving solutions, composting toilets, and efficient building management systems are just some of them. Tapping solar energy is another method used by green home builders in Noida & India.
Landscaping: Refined standard of living today has ensured that landscaping becomes an indispensable requirement for homes and landscape design offers a blend of natural beauty and homely charm. Landscape architecture is remaking itself slowly and steadily. It is an art of planning the drives, walks, lawns, shrubs, gardens, flower-beds etc. so as to form a beautiful setting for a building. The main purpose of landscaping is to create a joyful environment round the building and give the occupants a healthy breath, good appearance and natural beauty. It extends to trellis pavilions, pools and water features, planting & horticulture, tree lined avenues, grass terrace areas, pergolas, sculptures, theme parks, aroma gardens and avenue bridges. It has moved beyond the limited notion of putting hedgerows and growing the right kind of plantations. It is responsible for making ordinary homes into spectacular ones and premium residential buildings into warm, liable spaces. It supports our health and well being by encouraging physical outdoor activity and serves as an antidote to stress. Landscapes can offer aesthetic enjoyment, escapism, tranquillity, and a sense of belonging to an area with a distinct natural and cultural identity. Collaboration with international landscaping companies ensures that landscaping moves beyond manicured lawns and trimmed bushes.
To sum it all up, whatever the trend or style: ideal structures should strive to fulfil the three principles of durability, utility and beauty And while homes will probably always have the same basic features (a roof, windows, a kitchen, a bathroom, a room with a sofa and TV in it), the future of architecture has the power to change the way that we live — for the better. As quoted by a visionary architect, Louis Kahn, “A great building must begin with the unmeasurable, must go through measurable means when it is being designed and in the end must be unmeasurable.”